September 2016 – NORTH KOREA – Elite North Korean soldiers are being armed with “nuclear backpacks”, a source has claimed as tensions increase over the authoritarian state’s attempts at military escalation. An anonymous source told Radio Free Asia special units have been formed since March to carry the weapons and had been taking part in simulated training exercises with dummy bombs. “Outstanding soldiers were selected from each reconnaissance platoon and light infantry brigade to form the nuclear backpack unit the size of a battalion,” the source from North Hamgyong province was quoted as saying.
The supposed weapons were said to weigh between 10 and 30 kilograms and be able to “spray radioactive material”, possibly uranium, on the enemy. It was impossible to verify the account given to Radio Free Asia, which is funded by the US government. North Korean propaganda showed soldiers wearing rucksacks bearing a yellow and black radiation symbol during a parade celebrating the 70th anniversary of the national Workers’ Party in October, while similar backpacks were seen at a procession in 2013.
The report came after Kim Jong-un’s administration reportedly executed a vice premier and banished two other top officials to rural areas for dreaded “re-education.” South Korean officials said Yong-jin, a cabinet minister for education affairs, had been killed, possibly by a firing squad in July for unspecified anti-revolutionary and factional acts. Reports said said Kim first faced an investigation because of the way he was seated during a meeting attended by the Supreme Leader.
Kim Yong-chol, a top ruling Workers’ Party official in charge of anti-Seoul spy operations, and Choe Hwi, a senior party official dealing with propaganda affairs, had been banished to undertake “revolutionary re-education” programs. The reported purges came as North Korea continues to intensify its propaganda over joint military exercises being conducted by more than 75,000 American and South Korean troops in “Ulchi Freedom Guardian.”
While the North is known to have a small stockpile of nuclear warheads, experts are divided about its ability to mount them on a working missile delivery system. In a statement earlier this month by US and South Korean forces described the exercises as “non-provocative in nature” and designed to enhance “readiness, protect the region and maintain stability on the Korean peninsula.” But the drills provoked a stream of threats from Pyongyang, which said it would turn Seoul and Washington into a “heap of ashes” with a pre-emptive strike.
An editorial published by the state-run Korean Central News Agency on Tuesday accused Barack Obama’s administration of presiding over a “reckless arms build-up” that “cannot but spark off a fresh nuclear arms race among regional countries.” North Korea has made considerable progress on weapons technology this year, including testing a submarine-launched missile for the first time, but it is unclear whether its nuclear material has been developed into a warhead able to be mounted on a missile. It conducted its fourth nuclear explosion in January and followed it up with a series of missile tests, in spite of severe United Nations sanctions. –Independent
Russia and NATO increasingly at odds: Russia has conducted large-scale unannounced military exercises “with increasing frequency,” straining its relationship with NATO, the alliance’s No. 2 official has said. Speaking on a visit to Bucharest on August 29, NATO Deputy Secretary-General Alexander Vershbow said there had been about a dozen such drills in the past two years. NATO members haven’t staged snap exercises since the end of the Cold War, Vershbow added.
He also said the alliance wants to “develop a more stringent regime to increase transparency and …predictability and a way to better stabilize what is a very unsatisfactory relationship with Russia. If there is an interest in Moscow in stability and predictability, then these exercises are not the way to go,” Vershbow added. The comments come after Russia launched on August 25 large-scale snap military exercises on land and in the Black and Caspian seas, increasing worries in Ukraine and other Western neighbors about Moscow’s intentions. –Rferl
BUCHAREST, Romania — Russia is increasingly conducting unannounced military exercises, straining its relationship with NATO, the alliance’s No. 2 official said Monday. Russia had staged large drills with no advance notification “with increasing frequency,” NATO Deputy Secretary-General Alexander Vershbow said. He said there had been about a dozen in the past two years. Vershbow, on a visit to Bucharest, said Russia’s drills are allowed by a loophole in a security agreement signed with Western countries. –Military