April 2016 – INDIA – Jaisalmer: A strike formation of the Indian Army on Thursday undertook drills to counter any tactical nuclear attack on its mechanized unit, as part of the war games being conducted in the deserts of Rajasthan. The simulation came as about 30,000 soldiers took part in a major exercise Shatrujeet, led by the elite Mathura-based Strike Corps, in the desert area of Mahajan firing range where it is honing its skills to counter chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) warfare. The aim of the CBRN simulation was to validate the army’s response in case its faces a tactical nuclear attack.
“Our policy has been always that we will never use nuclear weapons first. But if we are attacked, we need to gather ourselves and fight through it. The simulation is about doing exactly that,” an army official said. The aim is to practice the capability to strike deep into enemy territory in an integrated air-land battle environment. The exercise is in the last phase and next week on 22 April, army chief Dalbir Singh Suhag is likely to visit to review the exercise. As part of its training and operational preparedness, various drills involved in CBRN warfare were executed by the troops including use of individual protective equipment and fighting in a CBRN contaminated area.
Troops underwent simulations of chemical and nuclear attacks and practised measures to mitigate the effect on persons and operations. A tactical nuclear attack was also simulated on one of its mechanized formations spearheading the attack, people familiar with the matter said. –Live Mint
U.S. experts war major terror attacks in India could spark nuclear-war
Pakistan may use nuclear weapons against India if the latter goes for a large scale military assault against it in retaliation for a major terror attack emanating from across the border, two top American experts have warned US lawmakers. Given the presence of a strong government in New Delhi and the pressure on it from Indian citizens in the event of a repeat of 26/11 type terror attack, the ties between the two neighbors have greater danger of escalating towards a devastating nuclear warfare, in particular from Pakistan. Such a dangerous scenario can only be avoided by the US working with Islamabad to ensure that there is no further large scale terror attack on India emanating from Pakistan, two top American experts.
George Perkovich and Ashley Tellis, told members of the powerful Senate Armed Services Committe and Sub-committee on Strategic Forces during a hearing yesterday. “South Asia is the most likely place nuclear weapons could be detonated in the foreseeable future. This risk derives from the unusual dynamic of the India-Pakistan competition,” said Perkovich, vice president for Studies Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “The next major terrorist attack in India, emanating from Pakistan, may trigger an Indian conventional military riposte that could in turn prompt Pakistan to use battlefield nuclear weapons to repel an Indian incursion. India, for its part, has declared that it would inflict massive retaliation in response to any nuclear use against its territory or troops,” he said.
“Obviously, this threatening dynamic, whereby terrorism may prompt conventional conflict which may prompt nuclear war – challenges Indian and Pakistan policy- makers. India and Pakistan both tend to downplay or dismiss the potential for escalation, but our own history of close nuclear calls should make US officials more alert to these dangers.
The US is the only outside power that could intervene diplomatically and forcefully to de-escalate a crisis,” Perkovich said. Tellis said the most useful US contribution towards preventing a Pakistani use of nuclear weapons in such a scenario and the Indian nuclear retribution that would result thereafter, would be to press Pakistan to exit the terrorism business or risk being left alone (or, even worse, the object of sanctions) if a major Indian military response ensues in the aftermath of any pernicious terrorist attack.
“Other than this, there is little that the United States can do to preserve deterrence stability between two asymmetrically-sized states where the gap in power promises to become even wider tomorrow than it is today,” he said. Both the experts, who are from the Carnegie, told members of the Senate sub-committee that Pakistan today has more nuclear weapons than that of India. –Daily Capital